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Floor / stairs

Introduction

The use of glass floors and stairs allows for the visual opening of a building which can serve to enhance style, perception of grandeur and visual interest of a space. Greater visibility or the creation of intimacy for the space are possible by using clear, translucent or opaque glazing. For glass floors and stairs, the use of laminated glass is required. In case of glass breakage, redundantly designed laminated glass structures help to avoid injuries and to keep the glass in its position to mitigate fall through and cutting or piercing injuries. The post-breakage behavior of the glass is therefore a crucial characteristic in the design of floors and stairs. Laminated glass with PVB interlayer has effectively been used in the design of glass floors and stairs for decades.

Which products fit in?

Eastman has experience with multiple interlayer products being used in the design of glazing for floors and stairs:

  • Saflex Clear, the conventional PVB interlayer can be used for:
    • Safety: in case of glass breakage from human or accidental impact, the shards of broken glass will remain adhered to the interlayer providing a reduction in cutting or piercing injuries.  With properly glazed laminated glass in a framing system, fall through protection may also be provided.
    • Storms:  laminated glass with adequate interlayer thickness is capable of thwarting wind-borne debris from penetrating the façade and subsequently allowing destructive internal pressurization in severe windstorms such as tropical cyclones, typhoons and hurricanes.   The ability of the interlayer to contain the glass shards after breakage has been demonstrated to contribute to enhanced glass retention during seismic activities as well. 
    • Security: a laminated glass configuration can be incorporated into a system to provide a sufficient level of protection against man-made intentional attacks, including vandalism and burglary, explosion resistance and ballistic assault.

 

  • Saflex Acoustic is an engineered tri-layer interlayer that provides enhanced sound damping between 1000 – 4000 Hertz (Hz) as compared to conventional PVB interlayer.   The enhanced performance may allow the glazing construction to be designed using less air space and/or thinner glass to achieve the same sound reduction rating versus conventional and historic practices.
     

  • Saflex Solar, a solar absorbing PVB interlayer, brings improved the solar control by reducing solar heat gain versus clear and conventional laminated glass without coatings.  Saflex Solar can also be incorporated into single unit laminated glass with low-emissivity hard coatings or into insulating glass units (IGU) with or without low-emissivity glasses.  
     

  • Vanceva® Earth Tones collection and Vanceva Colors interlayers bring forth the possibility of using a large range of color in a façade or as interior glazing without having to increase glass thickness to achieve color intensity, be delayed waiting for colored glass campaigns or ordering large quantities of custom colored glass.  Both products provide the flexibility to customize or modify and improve the aesthetic of the façade.
     

  • Saflex Structural PVB interlayer can be used in laminated glass configurations targeted for floors, stairs, fins, balustrades, guards and canopies.  This a tough polyvinyl butyral (PVB) designed for applications where rigidity, high glass adhesion, exposed edge durability and sealant compatibility are required. 
     

  • Saflex High Protection (HP) and Saflex Storm interlayers can be used when enhanced protection from tropical cyclones, typhoons and hurricane force winds with windborne debris are needed.
     

Furthermore, the various types of Saflex and Vanceva interlayers mentioned above can be combined between two pieces of glass or in the same glazing configuration to improve the overall performance of the glazing system and contribute to the optimum design of glass floors and stairs.

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